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State Summaries

EARLY OUTREACH PROGRAMS

Alabama

It appears that Alabama does not have any state-level pre-college outreach policy with goals and strategies. The state does not have a systematic way to identify and target students for outreach programs, collect student data across segments, allocate funds, evaluate programs, and report data. In 2000, the Alabama Commission on Higher Education worked with the governor's office on a P-16 initiative to link all levels of education through a tutorial program and summer institute, but it was not finalized. (Prepared by Andrea Venezia- Consultant / Reviewed by the Alabama Commission on Higher Education, FY 2003)

Alaska

The Alaska Commission on Postsecondary Education (ACPE) offers a variety of early awareness and rural outreach programs. In 2007 ACPE partnered with the National College Access Network (NCAN) to conduct a gap analysis designed to determine Alaska's college access and success climate. This project also created an inventory of providers offering college access services, which will then serve as a starting point for identifying effective programs that could be expanded or replicated to serve other communities. In addition, strategies implemented in 2007-08 include direct mail of age-appropriate materials to sixth and eighth graders and 11th and 12th graders, encouraging them to prepare and pursue postsecondary education, highlighting opportunities available in Alaska. In 2007, the Commission partnered with the University of Alaska to initiate a pilot program called "I Know I Can," an initiative designed for second and third grade students to begin career exploration and see its connection to postsecondary education. The Commission also facilitates another large statewide early awareness program titled "I'm Going to College." Designed for upper elementary and/or early middle school students, "I'm Going to College" creates awareness of higher education while also instilling the idea that going to college is an attainable goal. Finally, the Commission, in partnership with the University of Alaska, ANCSA Education Foundation, and the state's financial aid professional association has formed a working group: CASHE (the Coalition of Alaskans Supporting Higher Education). This coalition has received its second three-year grant from Lumina Foundation for Education to ensure College Goal Sunday, a statewide program that provides students and parents access to volunteer financial aid experts to assist with completing the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA), is available throughout the state. In addition to these efforts, the Commission operates an Anchorage walk-in center that provides students, parents, and adult learners with the informational tools and resources to pursue access to higher education. Local liaisons also provide community-based and distance delivered postsecondary success resources statewide, with special emphasis on rural and underserved populations. Effective in 2007, ACPE became the operator of the Alaska Career Information System (AKCIS), a Web-based, interactive career exploration tool for students and teachers. In partnership with the Department of Labor and Workforce Development, ACPE makes this tool available at no charge to schools and mentoring programs statewide. (Prepared by the Alaska Commission on Postsecondary Education, FY 2008)

Arizona

While Arizona has several individual programs and publications, it appears to lack an overall statewide pre-college outreach policy with goals and strategies. At the state level, Arizona does not have a systematic way to identify and target students for outreach programs, collect student data across segments, allocate funds, evaluate programs, and report data. The state has published several guides to help K-12 students prepare for college, implemented a partnership focused on providing college and career information to students between grades three and nine, and developed an agenda to encourage students to prepare for college. Arizona's main statewide pre-college outreach program, the Twelve Plus Partnership, is an Early Education Awareness Initiative. The components of the partnership range from a pilot project (in six K-8 schools) that helps students plan for their post-high school futures, to publications for 3rd, 7th, and 9th grade students, and four regional roundtables for parents each year. (Prepared by Andrea Venezia, Consultant / Reviewed by the Arizona Board of Regents, FY 2003)

Arkansas

Arkansas has a number of initiatives geared toward helping students prepare better for college. However, at the state level, Arkansas does not have a single, recognized state-level pre-college outreach policy with goals and strategies nor a systematic way to identify and target students, collect student data across segments, allocate funds, evaluate programs, and report data. Arkansas' Challenge Scholarship requires completion of a minimum core curriculum. The Transition Math course is a fourth unit of math designed as a capstone course to build upon Algebra I, Algebra II and Geometry and help prepare high school students for college Algebra. Youth Opportunities Unlimited (Y.O.U.), an ADHE coordinated program focused on reducing the state's high school drop-out rate, also works to provide students with a better understanding of the benefits of higher education and expose students to the curricular and extracurricular activities found on a college campus. Y.O.U. targets underprivileged youth, providing them with basic skill review and a first job experience. The four-year follow-up program provides continuity and support for Y.O.U. graduates, as well as longitudinal data for program accountability. (Prepared by Andrea Venezia, Consultant / Reviewed by the Arkansas Department of Higher Education, FY 2003)

California

At the state level, California does not have not a state-level pre-college outreach policy with goals and strategies nor a systematic way to identify and target students, collect student data across segments, allocate funds, evaluate programs, and report data. California has dozens of programs, with a variety of funding streams, goals, objectives, and populations of students being served. The state's postsecondary systems run their own pre-college outreach programs (the University of California System has approximately 15). The California Postsecondary Education Commission categorizes the state's outreach programs as follows: "Informational Outreach Programs" include Cal-SOAP, EOP, and Talent Search; "Student Academic Preparation" programs include AVID, MESA, Middle College, Puente, Upward Bound, and EAOP; and "School Improvement Programs" include ArtsBridge, College Prep, and CAPP. Several of those, such as Cal-SOAP and EOPS are in statute. Cal-SOAP focuses on raising the achievement levels of students from low-income families, from schools or geographic areas with documented low eligibility or college participation rates, or from families in which they would be the first to attend college. EOPS is a community college program that assists students in achieving their educational objectives and goals, including obtaining associate degrees and transferring to four-year institutions. (Prepared by Andrea Venezia, Consultant, FY 2003)

Colorado

Through its GEAR-UP Program, Colorado offers early outreach opportunities to students in selected schools. Numerous partnerships exist between the college/universities and the K-12 sector. Additionally, the Colorado Commission on Higher Education (CCHE) adopted a 15-unit pre-collegiate curriculum for admission to public sector four-year institutions beginning in 2008; 18 specified units are required beginning in 2010. Colorado Revised Statute 23-13-104 requires advising, counseling, and orientation for first-year college and transfer students. It also provides for assistance to elementary and secondary education in achieving systemic reform and creation of appropriate linkages between elementary and secondary education and higher education. This includes improving the enrollment, retention, and graduation of economically disadvantaged students and students from traditionally underrepresented groups by implementing pre-college programs for such students. It stipulates that each state-supported institution of higher education will make substantial and measurable progress toward achieving the statewide expectations and goals by fall semester 1999 will continue to work reach the goals after that date. Colorado has several over-arching statewide pre-college outreach goals and requires public universities to report their work toward those goals, but few specific targets. (Prepared by Andrea Venezia -Consultant / Reviewed by the Colorado Commission on Higher Education, FY 2003)

Connecticut

At the state level, Connecticut does not have a state-level pre-college outreach policy with goals and strategies nor a systematic way to identify and target students, collect student data across segments, allocate funds, evaluate programs, and report data. Connecticut does not have many pre-college outreach-related statutes. The state's General Statutes stipulate that the Department of Higher Education may administer a Help and Opportunity to Pursue Education (HOPE) grant to assist organizations that encourage and provide tutoring for eligible students (economically disadvantaged residents) to enroll in, and graduate from, a postsecondary institution. The state also has relevant programs that are not in statute. GEAR UP is active in 24 schools. The Connecticut Talent Assistance Cooperative facilitates the entry and/or re-entry of eligible Connecticut residents into postsecondary educational programs. Specific program activities include: career and academic counseling and guidance, college tutorial services, and collection and dissemination of financial aid information. (Prepared by Andrea Venezia, Consultant, FY 2003)

Delaware

Delaware appears to lack overall statewide pre-college outreach goals and objectives and related strategies. At the state level, Delaware does not have a systematic way to identify and target students, collect student data across segments, allocate funds, evaluate programs, and report data. (Prepared by Andrea Venezia, Consultant / Reviewed by the Delaware Higher Education Commission, FY 2003)

Florida

Florida has a state-level outreach program grounded in statute and funded annually by legislative appropriation. The College Reach-Out Program (CROP) was created to prepare disadvantaged students in grades 6 through 12 to complete postsecondary education. Participating institutions must provide procedures for continuous contact with students from when they are selected for participation until postsecondary enrollment. Program goals are delineated in statute and each program must have an evaluation component that provides for the collection, maintenance, retrieval, and analysis of data required by the state. Examples of other efforts include: the Governor's Mentoring Initiative, designed to recruit 200,000 Floridians to become mentors; and, Take Stock in Children, a public-private partnership that helps low-income children succeed by providing college and vocational scholarships, volunteer mentors, high standards, parental involvement and community support. Other policies related to outreach include the Community College Access Challenge in which funds are appropriated to the community colleges to implement joint programs with K-12 partners; the Single College Placement Test legislation which allows early assessment for placement in early intervention efforts; and the State University System Education Partnerships Initiative that establishes partnerships between universities and high schools, develops and disseminates publications, and works to increase student participation in pre-college outreach programs. (Prepared by Andrea Venezia- Consultant / Reviewed by the Council for Education Policy, Research and Improvement, FY 2003)

Georgia

Georgia has a number of statutes related to pre-college outreach activities. The Education Reform Act of 2000 created early intervention programs for K-12 grades. The state's education code stipulates that all schools serving grade 10 and above may provide a SAT preparatory course. It also mandates, "a seamless education system that allows students to be served in the most effective and efficient way possible," but does not provide specific details. The University System runs the Post-Secondary Readiness Program (PREP), a supplemental program (in 29 institutions) designed to help increase college readiness for 7th-12th grade students in at-risk situations. The goals of PREP are to close the gap in readiness for college between different student groups; educate parents of middle and high school students in at-risk situations as to how to help their children become college ready; and increase college success of students from poor and minority groups. Despite having a number of related programs and policies, Georgia appears to lack overall statewide pre-college outreach goals and objectives and related strategies. At the state level, Georgia does not have a systematic way to identify and target students, collect student data across segments, allocate funds, evaluate programs, and report data. (Prepared by Andrea Venezia, Consultant, FY 2003)

Hawaii

Hawaii appears to lack overall statewide pre-college outreach goals and objectives and related strategies. At the state level, Hawaii does not have a systematic way to identify and target students, collect student data across segments, allocate funds, evaluate programs, and report data. The state does not have an entity with policy responsibility for both the public and private sectors. The University of Hawaii System (which includes all of public higher education in the state) collects student data across two-year and four-year segments, allocates funds, and reports data. UH participates in the Federal GEAR UP Program, an early awareness program. UH has two grants, one handled by the UHM College of Business and one handled by UHM Student Services. (Prepared by the University of Hawaii System, FY 2003)

Idaho

Idaho appears to lack overall statewide pre-college outreach goals and objectives and related strategies. At the state level, Idaho does not have a systematic way to identify and target students, collect student data across segments, allocate funds, evaluate programs, and report data. (Prepared by Andrea Venezia, Consultant / Reviewed by the Idaho State Board of Education, FY 2003)

Illinois

Illinois has a strong commitment to pre-college outreach efforts, with many activities funded through Higher Education Cooperative Act funds directed by individual colleges and universities in cooperation with K-12 school districts. A Shared Enrollment and Graduation System database is maintained by the Illinois Board of Higher Education to track student mobility among public two- and four-year institutions at the postsecondary level. Beginning in 2000, all high school students in the state take a comprehensive set of standardized tests (including the ACT) during their junior years. Their academic development can be assessed as they enter colleges and universities. There are many cooperative efforts in the K-16 universe. The Illinois Mathematics and Science Academy (IMSA) law requires the state to provide "excellence in" mathematics and science education at the secondary level. Several federal grants designed to raise awareness of middle and high school students to educational opportunities are administered by individual colleges and universities. Illinois community colleges deliver dual credit coursework in cooperation with high schools across the state. The Illinois Student Assistance Commission has an extensive outreach effort to educate students on financial aid opportunities. (Prepared by the Illinois Board of Higher Education, FY 2003)

Indiana

Although Indiana has a variety of programs, it does not have an overall statewide pre-college outreach policy with goals and strategies nor a systematic way to identify and target students for outreach programs, collect student data across segments, allocate funds, evaluate programs, and report data. Indiana code stipulates that by 9th grade, each student must, after consulting with a counselor and parents, complete a career plan that indicates the subject and skill areas of interest to the student and design a program of study under the state's college or technology preparation curriculum. The school ensures that, upon satisfactory fulfillment of the plan, the student will be able to graduate from high school and will have taken at least the minimum variety and number of courses necessary to gain admittance to a state postsecondary institution. In addition, Indiana has at least 24 programs and policies addressing pre-college outreach that are not in statute. These range from an online list of courses that students should take to prepare for college, to College Goal Sunday (an event that provides free, professional, assistance to families to complete the Free Application for Federal Student Aid), to the state's GEAR UP program. (Prepared by Andrea Venezia, Consultant, FY 2003)

Iowa

Despite multiple activities, Iowa does not have an overall statewide pre-college outreach policy with goals and strategies, nor a systematic way to identify and target students for outreach programs, collect student data across segments, allocate funds, evaluate programs, and report data. In 1989, the legislature required the Board of Regents to establish college-bound programs to provide students of color with information and experiences relating to the regents' universities. Programs may include: reinforcement of efforts to attract undergraduate students from age groups currently served by traditional methods of outreach, extension of traditional student recruitment methods, identification of courses of study to be targeted for recruitment, and offerings at the regents' universities of innovative programs for families of color. The statute also established a voucher program for students in grades 7 through 12 for any secondary student at any regents' university upon completion of a state-sanctioned college-bound program. The vouchers entitle a student priority over other persons applying for grants under the Iowa minority academic grants for economic success program. Iowa also has pre-college outreach publications, such as, Effective Connections (Making Your Senior Year Count). (Prepared by Andrea Venezia, Consultant / Reviewed by the Iowa Board of Regents, FY 2003)

Kansas

Kansas adopted "A Plan for Coordination of Kansas Postsecondary Education" in 2000. Goal 3 of that plan states, "The Kansas postsecondary education system should seek to minimize barriers to access and facilitate institutional missions to encompass lifelong learning." Under this goal, four tasks have been identified to improve access to underserved areas and groups and to promote matriculation by students with diverse backgrounds. The Kansas Postsecondary Database project, currently in the pilot test phase, is a comprehensive initiative to collect unit record data on students and enrollment. (Prepared by the Kansas Board of Regents, FY 2003)

Kentucky

"Several outreach activities are currently underway in Kentucky; the state is also working to implement new measures. GEAR UP Kentucky is a 20 million grant that serves over 50 of the state's poorest schools. The Governor's Minority Student College Preparation Program involves eight public universities and 14 community and technical colleges in delivering outreach activities. An annual conference for African American high school juniors and seniors helps them select a college, seek financial aid, and choose a career. A public awareness campaign ("Go Higher") promotes postsecondary and adult education through the media and grassroots efforts in fifteen pilot communities. New initiatives include the American Diploma Project, the Education Trust Data Project, and a college planning website. The American Diploma Project involves Kentucky in national efforts to align high school proficiency standards with the performance demands of postsecondary education and the workplace. The Education Trust Data Project will examine the impact of a pre-college curriculum and college remediation programs on postsecondary performance. A comprehensive website will help Kentuckians plan for, pay for, and apply to college. The site, which will be linked to a network of call centers, will be a "high tech/high touch" resource for Kentuckians seeking more education. (Prepared by Andrea Venezia, Consultant / Reviewed by the Kentucky Council on Postsecondary Education, FY 2003)"

Louisiana

"Louisiana has implemented a multi-faceted approach to pre-college outreach. The program links postsecondary education to PK-16 through direct interaction with students, teachers, counselors, principals and superintendents. In addition to active and continuing communication with schools statewide on numerous issues (i.e. the importance of the Regents Core Curriculum and the requirements for the state's TOPS tuition exemption program), the Louisiana Board of Regents has also funded ACT's Louisiana Educational Planning and Assessment System (EPAS) for the last two years, serving almost 200,000 students. The eighth- and tenth-grade EPAS data is being used to assist students, parents and teachers in early preparation for college. The EPAS data is also being used by Louisiana postsecondary institutions to aid in student recruitment efforts. In addition, Louisiana has enlisted the expertise of Noel-Levitz, to assist with statewide market research and preparation for enrollment shifts that will result when Louisiana's four-year universities fully implement new admissions criteria by the fall of 2005. Louisiana has also recently been selected for a five-year, 12.5-million federal GEAR Up grant. The pilot program will target 25 schools in 11 school districts across the state, with a goal to increase both the college going rate and college success rate of students from these largely-impoverished districts, which have been historically underrepresented in Louisiana postsecondary education. (Prepared by Louisiana Board of Regents, FY 2003)"

Maine

While Maine has several individual programs and publications, it appears to lack an overall statewide pre-college outreach goal with strategies. At the state level, Maine does not have a systematic way to identify and target students, collect student data across segments, allocate funds, evaluate programs, and report data. Revised Statute 20-A provides middle school and high school students and their parents with career and financial aid counseling. The Maine Higher Educational Attainment Council was established to provide a permanent voice in support of higher education; to create a statewide vision for higher educational attainment; and to develop, maintain, and evaluate implementation of a long-term plan for higher educational attainment. The State's Blue Ribbon Commission on Postsecondary Attainment's final report contains recommendations in the following areas: early individual career planning services for students and families, better financial aid programs, and high quality undergraduate programs. (Prepared by Andrea Venezia, Consultant / Reviewed by the University of Maine System, FY 2003)

Maryland

Legislation passed in 2002 established a College Readiness Outreach Program for 9th and 10th grade students. However the program has not yet been implemented due to a lack of funding. Public education and outreach efforts have increased dramatically over the few years. MHEC provides many new publications to educate students about preparing for college and applying for State financial aid. In collaboration with the Maryland State Department of Education, these materials and others are being distributed to guidance counselors and early intervention sites across the State. Outreach efforts are being expanded to focus on middle schools and 9th grade students. Materials have been developed for students in these grades explaining the importance of education, appropriate high school courses to take to be best prepared for college, and opportunities that may be available to college graduates. These publications will be distributed to students this winter. MHEC's Office of Student Financial Assistance holds numerous workshops and presentations in many different venues such as guidance counselor workshops, financial aid nights at high schools, college fairs, college open house programs, legislative workshops, and special programs. When scheduling outreach activities, emphasis is placed on schools in economically disadvantaged areas. MHEC has recently partnered with community colleges across the State to provide a record number of outreach activities. Last year, each high school guidance counselor was presented with a financial aid outreach kit containing information on State financial assistance programs. (Prepared by Maryland Higher Education Commission, FY 2003)

Massachussetts

Massachussetts appears to lack overall statewide pre-college outreach goals and objectives and related strategies. At the state level, Massachussetts does not have a systematic way to identify and target students, collect student data across segments, allocate funds, evaluate programs, and report data. (FY 2003)

Michigan

Michigan appears to lack overall statewide pre-college outreach goals and objectives and related strategies. At the state level, Michigan does not have a systematic way to identify and target students, collect student data across segments, allocate funds, evaluate programs, and report data. (FY 2003)

Minnesota

Minnesota appears to lack overall statewide pre-college outreach goals and objectives and related strategies. At the state level, Minnesota does not have a systematic way to identify and target students, collect student data across segments, allocate funds, evaluate programs, and report data. (FY 2003)

Mississippi

Mississippi appears to lack overall statewide pre-college outreach goals and objectives and related strategies. At the state level, Mississippi does not have a systematic way to identify and target students, collect student data across segments, allocate funds, evaluate programs, and report data. (FY 2003)

Missouri

Direct outreach services are provided to urban and rural schools, students, and communities throughout Missouri. Outreach and early awareness activities include field trips, parent education workshops, college visits, tutoring, character and career development mentoring, test preparation training, and teacher professional development. The federal Gaining Early Awareness and Readiness for Undergraduate Programs (GEAR UP) initiative provides funding for information and services about college-related programs and services for secondary schools and college scholarships for eligible GEAR UP participants. As specified by the US Department of Education, GEAR UP targets low-income and underrepresented students and provides an annual assessment of student information, participation, and academic progress. The Missouri Department of Higher Education (MDHE) has a web site that offers information about a variety of college-related topics for K-12 students, including preparing for college, financial aid, postsecondary institutions throughout the state, test preparation and deadlines, and application forms. (Prepared by Andrea Venezia, Consultant / Reviewed by Missouri Coordinating Board for Higher Education, FY 2003)

Montana

Montana appears to lack overall statewide pre-college outreach goals and objectives and related strategies. At the state level, Montana does not have a systematic way to identify and target students, collect student data across segments, allocate funds, evaluate programs, and report data. ( Prepared by Andrea Venezia- Consultant, FY 2003)

Nebraska

Nebraska appears to lack overall statewide pre-college outreach goals and objectives and related strategies. At the state level, Nebraska does not have a systematic way to identify and target students, collect student data across segments, allocate funds, evaluate programs, and report data. (Prepared by Andrea Venezia, Consultant / Reviewed by the Nebraska Coordinating Commission for Higher Education, FY 2003)

Nevada

At the state level, Nevada does not appear to have a pre-college outreach policy with goals and strategies, nor a systematic way to identify and target students, collect student data across segments, allocate funds, evaluate programs, and report data. The main pre-college outreach program in the state, the Nevada Collaborative for Academic Success, is a cooperative effort between K-12 and higher education. It has been approved by the University and Community College System of Nevada, the Nevada Board of Regents, and the Nevada State Board of Education. Its main activities are to develop and implement standards and assessments, align pre-service and in-service teacher education with state -established standards and assessments, reduce impediments and provide incentives to successful student transitions. Nevada also has GEAR UP programs. (Prepared by Andrea Venezia, Consultant, FY 2003)

New Hampshire

New Hampshire appears to lack overall statewide pre-college outreach goals and objectives and related strategies. At the state level, New Hampshire does not have a systematic way to identify and target students, collect student data across segments, allocate funds, evaluate programs, and report data. (FY 2003)

New Jersey

New Jersey established the College Bound Grant Program in 1986 to address the educational needs and aspirations of disadvantaged, at-risk youth in grades 6 through 12. This program, with an annual 2.9 million appropriation, is administered by the Commission on Higher Education and provides pre-college enrichment activities to help students complete secondary school and successfully pursue a postsecondary education in the sciences, mathematics, and technology. College Bound provided the foundation for the GEAR UP State Project proposal, which was funded in 1999 by the U.S. Department of Education. This five-year, 10 million project expands the pre-college enrichment services of College Bound to low-income students in Trenton, Camden, Jersey City, and Newark. In 2002, the Commission created an online database of New Jersey pre-college programs as a resource for educators, parents, and communities. (Prepared by the New Jersey Commission on Higher Education, FY 2003)

New Mexico

New Mexico appears to lack overall statewide pre-college outreach goals and objectives and related strategies. At the state level, New Mexico does not have a systematic way to identify and target students, collect student data across segments, allocate funds, evaluate programs, and report data. (Prepared by Andrea Venezia- Consultant, FY 2003)

New York

While New York has several individual programs and publications, it appears to lack an overall statewide pre-college outreach goal with strategies. At the state level, New York does not have a systematic way to identify and target students, collect student data across segments, allocate funds, evaluate programs, and report data. The New York State Department of Education's Science and Technology Entry Program's goal is to increase the number of historically underrepresented and disadvantaged students prepare to enter college, and improve their participation rate in mathematics- and science-related fields. The Governor's office maintains a website, Getting Ready for College, that helps students set their career goals and interests, and contains related links. The Bureau of Higher Education Opportunity Programs awards grants to independent colleges and universities to subsidize support programs for disadvantaged students. Public institutions in New York also run their own opportunity programs, including CUNY's College Discovery; Search For Education, Elevation, and Knowledge; and SUNY's Educational Opportunity Program. (Prepared by Andrea Venezia, Consultant, FY 2003)

North Carolina

North Carolina has an extensive network of activities aimed specifically at increasing the college-going rate in the state with focused attention on the low-income, first generation college student. The General Assembly established in 1999 a collaborative initiative between the UNC system, the NC Community College System, and the NC Independent Colleges and Universities. The program operates both a website (www.CFNC.org) and a toll-free telephone service (866-866-CFNC) as a one-stop source for all students and parents need for planning, applying, and paying for college. In addition, 10 of the UNC campuses operate math and science pre-college programs for 7-12th graders who are underrepresented in the math and science professions. In addition to the numerous TRIO programs across the state, NC has a state GEAR UP grant and five GEAR UP partnership programs, serving 27 of the 100 counties in North Carolina. House Bill 1246 (2001) directed the Board of Governors of the University of North Carolina, in cooperation with the State Board of Education and the State Board of Community Colleges, to study the measures used for admissions, placement, and advanced placement decisions by the constituent institutions of the state's university system. (Prepared by Andrea Venezia- Consultant / Reviewed by the University of North Carolina System, FY 2003)

North Dakota

North Dakota appears to lack overall statewide pre-college outreach goals and objectives and related strategies. At the state level, North Dakota does not have a systematic way to identify and target students, collect student data across segments, allocate funds, evaluate programs, and report data. (FY 2003)

Ohio

State statutes from 1985 and 1993 establish an Access Improvement program at the Ohio Board of Regents to develop innovative statewide strategies to increase the college attendance and success rate of groups that have traditionally been under-represented in higher education. This language established the Ohio Appalachian Center for Higher Education as well as other initiatives specifically focused on improving the aspiration and readiness of students to pursue higher education. The Ohio Appalachian Center for Higher Education focuses specifically on Ohio's 29 Appalachian counties. Ohio's primary early outreach initiative is the Ohio College Access Network (OCAN). OCAN is a collaboration of local college access programs that seek to close the education deficit in Ohio by increasing the number of students in their communities who pursue education beyond high school. OCAN is the first statewide coordinating body for college access programs in the country. Since its inception in 1999, the number of OCAN college access programs has grown to thirty-three and additional growth is underway. Currently, OCAN college access programs provide financial aid counseling, last dollar scholarships, and early awareness advising to more than 58,000 students in 245 school districts throughout the state. The Ohio Board of Regents has other efforts also focused on access to college, including efforts to assist students in assessing their readiness to be successful in college level courses in English and mathematics. A postsecondary enrollment options program allows 9th through 12th grade students to enroll at a college, on a full- or part-time basis, earning high school and college credit (the Postsecondary Enrollment Options Program). (Prepared by the Ohio Board of Regents, FY 2003)

Oklahoma

Oklahoma has a statewide pre-college outreach strategy outlined by the Oklahoma State Regents for Higher Education in Brain Gain 2010, the State Regents' plan to increase the number of Oklahomans who hold a college degree by strengthening academic and financial preparation for college. The State Regents host a website with information and publications for K-12 students, including: "2003-2004 Guide to Oklahoma Colleges and Universities," "Grant and Scholarships Programs" booklet, "Are You Looking for Money?" brochure, Oklahoma Higher Learning Access Program, a "GEAR UP for College" Information Packet, and "What's Your Plan for Life?" college guide. Oklahoma GEAR UP targets resources to 102,878 students in 180 school districts. Smart Start is a State Regents initiative to identify, recruit, train and place 3,600 mentors and tutors with Oklahoma children, youth and adults in existing school and community programs aimed at reducing educational failure and increasing chances for success. At the K-12 level, Oklahoma does not have a systematic way to identify and target students, collect student data across segments, allocate funds, evaluate programs, and report data. (Prepared by Andrea Venezia- Consultant / Reviewed by the Oklahoma State Regents for Higher Education, FY 2003)

Oregon

For over a decade, Oregon has had a statewide strategy for increasing the number of middle and high school students who are prepared to enter and succeed in postsecondary education. As a foundation for this strategy, the standards and assessments for student performance in elementary, middle, and high school are aligned with college entry requirements. Both the Boards of Education and Higher Education have adopted this K-16 alignment and the use of a Proficiency-based Admission Standards System (PASS) for entry into Oregon's seven public universities. A system for collecting and exchanging student performance data across the K-12 and post-secondary sectors is under development. The Joint Boards of Education (K-12, community colleges and the Oregon University System is focusing on this area as well as on the challenges of affordability, access, and quality. Early outreach efforts of the Oregon University System include: Freshmen Performance Reports, and the Advanced Placement Incentive Program. Specific outreach programs such as the Oregon Network for Education (ONE) connect high school students directly to the school, college, or university to learn about admission, registration, enrollment and financial aid available in distance education modes. (Prepared by the Oregon University System, FY 2003)

Pennsylvania

While Pennsylvania has many laws and activities related to pre-college outreach, it appears to lack overall statewide pre-college outreach goals and objectives and related strategies. At the state level, Pennsylvania does not have a systematic way to identify and target students, collect student data across segments, allocate funds, evaluate programs, and report data. The State System of Higher Education (SSHE) runs several programs. The State System Partnership focuses on enhancing the orientation, motivation, and preparation for college of academically at-risk, but potentially able, high school sophomores. The SSHE runs the Summer Latino Leadership Institute; one of the Institute's goals is to attract Latino/a students to higher education by exposing them to a positive and enjoyable college experience. The SSHE's Next Step Program is a group of programs to encourage rural youth to attend college. The Pennsylvania Higher Education Assistance Agency (PHEAA) runs several programs and a website, and has created publications, devoted to college academic and financial preparation. PHEAA also runs a Mentor system website that helps students and their families select a college, apply for admission, and plan to finance higher education. (Prepared by Andrea Venezia, Consultant, FY 2003)

Rhode Island

Rhode Island, through its Children's Crusade, appears to have a program of limited scope that articulates pre-college outreach goals, objectives, and related strategies. It seems to have a small, but systematic way to identify and target students, collect student data across segments, allocate funds, evaluate programs, and report data. The Crusade is a program that helps low-income students succeed in K-12 and prepare for college. Students enroll in the third grade and remain in the Crusade for 10 years until high school graduation. The Crusade has a rigorous outside evaluation and tracks data longitudinally. GEAR UP, the College Planning Center of Rhode Island, and the Rhode Island Board of Governors for Higher Education each run websites that help prospective college students choose a college, prepare financially, and prepare for admission requirements. The College Access Alliance of Rhode Island (CAARI) advocates for equal opportunity and access to higher education for all Rhode Island children, but targets students in low-income communities. Rhode Island Educational Talent Search (RIETS) is a program that provides free help, such as advising study skill development, course selection, and test preparation, for middle and high school students who want to complete high school and enroll in college. (Prepared by Andrea Venezia, Consultant / Reviewed by the Rhode Island Office of Higher Education, FY 2003)

South Carolina

While South Carolina has several individual programs and publications, it appears to lack an overall statewide pre-college outreach goal with strategies. At the state level, South Carolina does not have a systematic way to identify and target students, collect student data across segments, allocate funds, evaluate programs, and report data. The South Carolina Commission on Higher Education's (SCCHE) Great Expectations project examined high school competencies in mathematics, science and foreign languages needed at the college level. The SCCHE's general guidelines mandate the implementation of a Higher Education Awareness Program (HEAP). HEAP is in every school and requires a working relationship between a Partner School (PS) and a Partner Institution of higher education in order to engage the interest of eighth-graders and inform them about higher education opportunities in South Carolina. The SCCHE, SC Chamber of Commerce, SC Department of Education, SC Governor's School for Science and Mathematics, and SC Educational Television run SC GEAR UP to prepare low-income students to enter and succeed in high school and postsecondary education. The SCCHE runs a website with information on: Financial Assistance, GEAR UP, HEAP, HOPE Scholarships, LIFE Scholarships, Lottery Tuition Assistance, National Guard Loan Repayment, Need-based grants, and Palmetto Fellows Scholarships. (Prepared by Andrea Venezia, Consultant, FY 2003)

South Dakota

The state of South Dakota has initiated direct semi-annual pre-college outreach communications with all students and their families in grades 7-12. Beginning in fall 2002, the Board of Regents has mailed publications containing pre-college planning information to approximately 56,000 students and their families. A web site was also created with links to information regarding personal, academic, and financial planning. The Board of Regents is working with the South Dakota Department of Education to build a foundation for a lifelong relationship with students and for identifying new ways to help students and their families prepare for postsecondary education and life-success. (Prepared by the South Dakota Board of Regents, FY 2003)

Tennessee

Tennessee appears to lack overall statewide pre-college outreach goals and objectives and related strategies. At the state level, Tennessee does not have a systematic way to identify and target students, collect student data across segments, allocate funds, evaluate programs, and report data. (Prepared by Andrea Venezia, Consultant / Reviewed by the Tennessee Higher Education Commission, FY 2003)

Texas

Texas has many state-level pre-college outreach-related policies, and it now has a systematic way to identify and target students for outreach programs, allocate funds, evaluate programs, and report data. It is a data system that spans its education sectors. Texas is a particularly active state with regard to legislation in this area. Senate Bill 573 started a public awareness campaign to promote postsecondary education. House Bill 400 assists prospective students in enrolling in postsecondary education. Senate Bill 158 requires that each counselor at a K-12 school advise students and their parents/guardians regarding the importance of higher education, preparatory coursework, and financial aid opportunities. The Higher Education Coordinating Board runs several pre-college outreach programs including the College for Texans Campaign, focused on increasing enrollments by an additional 300,000 students; the Office of Recruitment and Retention, which works with the state's colleges and universities to help ensure that all Texans can participate and succeed in higher education; and the Center for College Readiness, which offers college admissions preparation and related activities. The College for Texans website houses information for prospective college students about preparing for, applying to, graduating from, and paying for, college or technical school. (Prepared by Andrea Venezia- Consultant / Reviewed by the Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board, FY 2003)

Utah

The ten Utah public higher education institutions have early outreach programs that are used to recruit interested students. Outreach programs identify students as early as the sixth grade. TRIO, Upward Bound, and Talent Search are aimed at identifying potential first generation college students. The UtahMentor Website directs all junior high and high school students to career information, scholarships, and financial aid so that they can plan and pay for college, and academic programs and advising information. The Utah System of Higher Education tracks the progress of all students, including minorities. The system will be working with Noel-Levitz to improve retention of first-year students. (Prepared by the Utah System of Higher Education, FY 2003)

Vermont

Vermont appears to lack overall statewide pre-college outreach goals and objectives and related strategies. At the state level, Vermont does not have a systematic way to identify and target students, collect student data across segments, allocate funds, evaluate programs, and report data. (FY 2003)

Virginia

While Virginia has several programs and materials focused on pre-college outreach, it appears to lack overall statewide pre-college outreach goals and objectives and related strategies. At the state level, Virginia does not have a systematic way to identify and target students, collect student data across segments, allocate funds, evaluate programs, and report data. Virginia code stipulates that local school boards may establish Advancement Via Individual Determination programs in their respective school divisions to prepare at-risk students enrolled in the secondary grades in the public schools of the school division for post-secondary education eligibility. This includes specific, measurable, goals and objectives; an evaluation component; and procedures for identifying at-risk students. The Statewide Pre-Collegiate Program is a joint effort between the State Council of Higher Education and the Virginia Department of Education designed to reach out to students and their parents to inform them of college academic and financial preparation opportunities. The State Council of Higher Education for Virginia runs a website with information on college, including preparation, selection, and financing. (Prepared by Andrea Venezia, Consultant, FY 2003)

Washington

Washington appears to lack overall statewide pre-college outreach goals and objectives and related strategies. At the state level, Washington does not have a systematic way to identify and target students, collect student data across segments, allocate funds, evaluate programs, and report data. (FY 2003)

Washington D.C.

It appears that the District of Colombia does not have any district-level pre-college outreach policies with related goals and strategies. The district does not have a systematic way to identify and target students for outreach programs, collect student data across segments, allocate funds, evaluate programs, and report data. It does, however, have many programs, publications, and related services to help students prepare for college. These include the Kids to College program that creates partnerships between local colleges and middle or junior high schools. College students from the partner schools work with 6th or 7th grade students to encourage greater college awareness. The district also has a Talent Search program, funded by the federal government, that assists economically disadvantaged, first generation middle and high school students with preparing for and enrolling in postsecondary education. The Greater Washington College Info Center is a program of the Consortium of Universities of the Washington Metropolitan area designed to inform, encourage and support the career and educational goals of local students and families. (Prepared by Andrea Venezia - Consultant, FY 2003)

West Virginia

While West Virginia has several individual programs, it appears to lack an overall statewide pre-college outreach goal with strategies. At the state level, West Virginia does not have a systematic way to identify and target students, collect student data across segments, allocate funds, evaluate programs, and report data. The State College System is developing the web-based college algebra course for high school students to help them prepare for college. The state is taking part in the Southern Regional Education Board's (SREB) High Schools That Work (HSTW) program that creates partnerships with state, district and school leaders; teachers; students; parents; and the community to improve the way all high school students are prepared for work and further education. HSTW provides a framework of goals, key practices and key conditions for accelerating learning and setting higher standards. Two other programs focus on offering educational services to disadvantaged, first generation potential college students at the junior high and secondary level: GEAR UP (in eight counties) and the Talent Search Program, run by the West Virginia Higher Education Policy Commission. Finally, West Virginia mandates that each county board provide honors and AP courses in grades 9-12, and it provides related financial incentives. (Prepared by Andrea Venezia - Consultant / West Virginia Higher Education Policy Commission, FY 2003)

Wisconsin

The University of Wisconsin System is currently engaged in a systematic and comprehensive study of pre-college programs throughout the state. The System has developed an eight step strategic plan to restructure existing programs to focus more heavily on academic rigor, evaluate and assess program effectiveness in advancing the educational goals of youth, establish core components to ensure quality and continuity among programs, establish a partnership with the Wisconsin Department of Public Instruction to share and disseminate findings, restructure the current pre-college database to improve analytical and recruitment capabilities, and determine which school districts and schools need pre-college programming.(Prepared by the University of Wisconsin System, FY 2003)

Wyoming

There are not statewide pre-college outreach goals and objectives and related strategies. However, at the state level there are voluntary ways to identify and target students, collect student data across segments, allocate funds, evaluate programs, and report data.The University of Wyoming operates an annual summer institute for talented high school sophomores considering higher education (provided for by statute) as well as grant-funded programs to encourage low income and/or minority students to pursue higher education. (Prepared by the University of Wyoming and the Wyoming Community College Commission, FY 2003)