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Policy Issue Definitions and Subcategories

ACCELERATED LEARNING OPTIONS

These policies are designed to introduce high school students to a rigorous, college-level curriculum that may allow them to earn college credit; they relate to Advanced Placement, International Baccalaureate, concurrent/dual enrollment, Tech-Prep, and similar programs.

Subcategories

Advanced Placement / Advanced Standing - Dual or Concurrent Enrollment - Early College High Schools - Financial Assistance - International Baccalaureate - Tech-Prep/Technical and Vocational Education


ADULT LEARNERS

These policies focus on efforts to promote education for adult learners. They include issues related to funding, literacy, and other policy areas that affect how adult learners move through the educational system.

Subcategories

Adult Basic Education/Literacy - Adult Learners, Academic Policy - Adult Learners, Financial Assistance - Adult Learners, Funding - Adult Learners, General Policy - Adult Workforce Education and Training - Credit for Prior Learning - Degree Completion Programs - Funding - Governance of Adult Education - Military/Veterans Education - Prisoner/Inmate Education


ARTICULATION, TRANSFER, AND ALIGNMENT

These policies relate to K-12 and postsecondary curriculum alignment, standards, pedagogy, exit/entrance requirements, common course numbering, etc. This domain also includes policies to promote the smooth and efficient movement of students across institutions and systems like standards for promotion and high school graduation, statewide articulation agreements and guides, as well as policies that require transfer data reporting.

Subcategories

Common Core Courses - Common Course Numbering - Common Core State Standards - Comprehensive Initiative - Exit / Entrance Examinations - Incentives or Rewards - K-12 / Postsecondary Curriculum Alignment - Middle to High School Articulation - New Delivery Systems to Increase Access to Underserved Populations (Technology, Distance Learning, Learning Centers) - P-20/P-16 Councils - Standards for Admission, Promotion or Graduation - Statewide Articulation Guides - Transfer Agreements - Transfer Data Reporting


DATA AND ACCOUNTABILITY SYSTEMS


This issue includes policies to establish performance-based accountability systems in K-12 ande postsecondry education. Also included are policies related to reporting systems that address transition issues, outcomes, and feedback high schools.
Subcategories

Comprehensive Initiative - Development of Improved Information Systems - Performance Based Measures for K-12 - Performance Based Measures for Postsecondary - Reporting Systems that Address Student Transition or Provide Feedback to High Schools


EARLY OUTREACH PROGRAMS


Policies related to Early Outreach Programs focus on programs that are intended to inform, motivate, and support middle school and high school students about college participation. These programs provide services such as early awareness, transition or "bridge" support, tutoring, mentoring, and financial aid information.
Subcategories

College Test Preparation - Community Outreach - Comprehensive Initiative - Dropout Prevention - Early Awareness Programs / College Prep - Initiative to Inform Parents and Students About College Costs and the Availability of Financial Aid - Transition or Bridge Programs


EQUITY AND DIVERSITY


These state-level policies seek to provide equal access to and successful participation in high-quality education for all students, regardless of race, ethnicity, income, or gender. This domain includes non-discrimination guidelines, affirmative action initiatives, and policies related to course and funding equalization.
Subcategories

Affirmative Action/Diversity Initiatives - Anti-discrimination - Course Equalization - Desegregation - Efforts to Close Achievement Gaps - Funding Equalization - Laws and Referenda - Legal Issues


REMEDIAL AND DEVELOPMENTAL EDUCATION


The various approaches by states to remediate students include policies related to placement examinations, reporting requirements, policies limiting higher education remediation to community colleges, financial aid restrictions, and collaborative efforts to reduce the need for remediation.
Subcategories

Access to College Placement Exams and Remediation Before College - Accountability, Reporting Rates of Enrollment and Costs of Remediation - Collaborative Efforts to Reduce the Need for Remediation - Placement Examinations and Placement of Students in Remedial Courses - Placement Policies - Remedial Credits Counting Toward Financial Aid - Remedial Credits Counting Towards Graduation and Full-Time Status - Remediation Limited to Community Colleges Only - Time Limits for Remediation


RESIDENCY


This issue covers policies related to higher education access and cost through residency requirements (which determine whether
students pay in-state or out-of-state tuition), financial aid eligibility, and how revenue is generated for institutions.
Subcategories

Residency Classification - Residency Policies Related to Military Service - Residency Policies Related to Tuition and Fees - Residency for Undocumented Students


STUDENT FINANCIAL AID


This policy issue covers policies designed to make college attendance more affordable and attractive. Included are policies related to scholarships, need- and merit-based aid, and targeted financial assistance for low-income students.
Subcategories

Comprehensive Initiative - Financial Aid/Scholarships - Funds to Support Student Exams - Targeted Scholarships for Low-Income Students - Tuition Savings Plan


STUDENT RETENTION


These policies focus on increasing student persistence and retention in higher education.
Subcategories

Accountability, Efforts to Increase Student Retention - Counseling Requirement - Efforts Aimed at Underserved Students - Statewide Initiative


TEACHING QUALITY


These policies draw on states’ efforts to improve teacher preparation. Policies relate to mentoring and teacher induction programs, licensure, professional development, and the evaluation of teacher education programs.
Subcategories

Alignment of Teacher Preparation with K-12 Standards - Compensation - Comprehensive Initiative - Early Outreach to Encourage Students to Become Teachers - Financial Incentives (Scholarships, Loans, Grants) - Licensure and Certification - Mentoring and Teacher Induction Programs - Professional Development - Programs Evaluation - Recruitment - Supply and Demand Strategies - Teacher Mobility (Portability-Reciprocity) - Teacher Preparation - Teacher Retention


TUITION AND FEES


This policy issue includes state policies on tuition and fees at public four- and two-year institutions.
Subcategories

Authority to Set Tuition and Fees - Capping or Reducing Tuition - Fee-Specific Policies - Reciprocity Agreements - State Philosophies and Tuition and Fees Policies - Tuition and Fee Waivers - Undocumented Students